17: More designs
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.
The SDGs build on decades of work by countries and the UN, including the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs
- In June 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, more than 178 countries adopted Agenda 21, a comprehensive plan of action to build a global partnership for sustainable development to improve human lives and protect the environment.
- Member States unanimously adopted the Millennium Declaration at the Millennium Summit in September 2000 at UN Headquarters in New York. The Summit led to the elaboration of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reduce extreme poverty by 2015.
- The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and the Plan of Implementation, adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in South Africa in 2002, reaffirmed the global community's commitments to poverty eradication and the environment, and built on Agenda 21 and the Millennium Declaration by including more emphasis on multilateral partnerships.
- At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 2012, Member States adopted the outcome document "The Future We Want" in which they decided, inter alia, to launch a process to develop a set of SDGs to build upon the MDGs and to establish the UN High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development. The Rio +20 outcome also contained other measures for implementing sustainable development, including mandates for future programmes of work in development financing, small island developing states and more.
- In 2013, the General Assembly set up a 30-member Open Working Group to develop a proposal on the SDGs.
- In January 2015, the General Assembly began the negotiation process on the post-2015 development agenda. The process culminated in the subsequent adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with 17 SDGs at its core, at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015.
- 2015 was a landmark year for multilateralism and international policy shaping, with the adoption of several major agreements:
- (March 2015) (July 2015) with its 17 SDGs was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. (December 2015)
Today, the Division for Sustainable Development Goals (DSDG) in the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) provides substantive support and capacity-building for the SDGs and their related thematic issues, including water, energy, climate, oceans, urbanization, transport, science and technology, the Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR), partnerships and Small Island Developing States. DSDG plays a key role in the evaluation of UN systemwide implementation of the 2030 Agenda and on advocacy and outreach activities relating to the SDGs. In order to make the 2030 Agenda a reality, broad ownership of the SDGs must translate into a strong commitment by all stakeholders to implement the global goals. DSDG aims to help facilitate this engagement.
Follow DSDG on Facebook at www.facebook.com/sustdev and on Twitter at @SustDev.
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17 Artists Suggest Notre Dame Cathedral Reconstruction DesignsGiedrė Vaičiulaitytė
On April 15, 2019, one of the most horrific fires of the year broke out when the roof of the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris went up in flames. The inferno lasted for around 15 hours as the world watched in terror. The fire completely destroyed the famous landmarks' iconic spire that collapsed hours after the fire was initially noticed. Most of the wood/metal roof of the gothic architecture cathedral was also destroyed, with only about one-third of the roof remaining. The interior of the cathedral didn't suffer extensive damage thanks to the stone-vaulted ceiling that largely contained the burning roof as it collapsed.
In the following days, French President Emmanuel Macron reassured the public that the historic building could be restored and a fundraising campaign was quickly initiated to help fund the restoration (that could take up to 20 years or more). As of April 22, 2019, over &euro1 billion was collected.
On April 17, France announced their plans to host a competition to design a replacement spire for the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. French prime minister Edouard Philippe was reported saying that the government was looking for a unique design "adapted to the techniques and the challenges of our era." This prompted many architects and designers to power up their creative minds and conjure new images of the roof and the spire. From contemporary glass towers to Gothic stained glass windows, the entries so far offer a fresh reimagination of the classic tourist attraction. Scroll down below to see the cool designs and don't forget to comment and vote for your favorites!
17: More designs
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A lot of energy is used by websites in the data centre and in the transmission of data to and from the data centre. Careful selection of web hosting services can therefore have a big impact on energy efficiency and web page speeds. The following are the main points to think about.
14. Use server caching
For websites that use a CMS such as WordPress or Drupal, pages are generated dynamically every time someone visits a web page. This is very inefficient as it requires server processing for every single page view, increasing energy consumption of the web server.
Caching technologies like Varnish pre-generate static versions of each page so that the server overhead can be significantly reduced for most visitors. This significantly reduces server energy consumption and makes a big difference to page load times.
It can be complicated to set up but many hosts such as Kinsta and WP Engine now offer this option as an off the shelf feature, meaning that your website energy efficiency and web performance can be improved with little effort required on your side.
15. Choose hosts with a high PUE rating
Data centres are generally rated for energy efficiency using a metric called Power Usage Efficiency, or PUE. The PUE is determined by dividing the amount of energy entering the data centre by the amount of energy used to run the computers inside it. This then highlights the amount of energy being wasted on non-computational activities such as cooling. The typical PUE for a data centre is around 1.67, meaning that for every 1.67 watts going into the data centre, only 1 watt is being used to power the computing systems. High efficiency data centres such as those run by Google can have a PUE as high as 1.11.
16. Use a data centre close to your users
A lot of the energy used by the internet is used to transmit data through the telecoms networks. It goes without saying that the further the information has to travel, the more energy it uses on its journey. Therefore, selecting a data centre close to your target audience will help reduce energy consumption. For example, you might find a cheap web hosting package from a US based hosting company, but if your target visitors are in the UK or Germany then energy will be wasted transmitting data across the Atlantic. What’s more, this additional distance can cause a delay in page load times too, so locating your website in a data centre close to your main audience will be good for user experience and for the planet.
17. Use a CDN
It’s all very well locating your data centre close to your main audience group, but in cases where your audience is spread around the world that is not so easy. Content delivery networks (CDN’s) provide a great solution to this, serving assets such as image files from a network of data centres around the world. This means that in most cases, the largest files will be loaded from the CDN location in the users own region, reducing the distance that data is moving each time a page is loaded. Once again, this improves energy efficiency and improves page load times.
5. Think of Nature in Motion
Which is more interesting, a dandelion or a dandelion blowing in the wind? Motion can make nature surprisingly more interesting.
Below is a photograph of a hummingbird, which has one of the fastest wing beat rates. The photo captures the bird’s color in great detail but not the incredible speed of its beating wings.
As a result, we see an interesting effect, with some texture and pattern blurred in the background.
If we were to draw a hummingbird at rest, we would potentially miss out on a lot of design effects. In the image above, we can draw inspiration from the texture of the bird’s feathers, the position of its feet and the pattern in the background.
Viewing non-living elements in motion is also important. On the left is a lake landscape on the right, the close-up of water in motion provides interesting shapes and textures.
If you’re missing a spark of inspiration, consider adding the element of motion.
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Every year the Royal Institute of British Architects looks for the best new home in Britain, and this time Grand Designs is along for the ride
Grand Designs: House of the Year
Kevin McCloud returns to see how past projects have developed and ask the question was it all worth it?
Grand Designs Revisited
Kevin McCloud presents Grand Designs Abroad. The stakes are higher, the risks are multiplied, and the ambition - to build your dream home in the perfect European location - is greater than ever.
Grand Designs Abroad
Architectural designer Charlie Luxton helps people build dream homes that are both amazing and affordable
Building the Dream
Dining on the Deck
This deck has an excellent view, which includes the yard below it and surrounding landscaping. The property is built in the foothills, about 20 miles east of Los Angeles. Because the house sits above the yard, the homeowners needed to have a durable wood deck with to-the-code handrails. This deck and drought-tolerant garden were featured on an annual tour offered by the Theodore Payne Foundation.
New home design trends for 2021
Looking for a new home in 2021? You may see fewer radical changes in design trends but one thing is certain: you will look at a home with different eyes. We are all spending more time in our homes than ever before. Now it is more significant that our homes feature comfortable zones that provide meaningful space. With the current emphasis on working from home, virtual classes for our children, and Zoom meetings for everything from seminars to church services, dining rooms are now more often filled with computers than dinnerware, and bedrooms have become class rooms. We even look at walls and light sources in rooms differently since we need a decent setting for those virtual meetings.
So change is coming in home design in 2021. Builders are reacting to the new way homeowners are thinking about their floor space. “Dining rooms are becoming flex space,” stated Lewis Sadler of Sadler Construction. “We are adding French doors so they can be closed off if needed for virtual classes, study areas, or computer setups. Depending on the buyer’s preferences, the chandelier one normally sees in a dining room may be replaced with more casual lighting that better provides light for people working. Even rooms usually set up as offices are now flex spaces as home buyers may prefer to set them up for home schooling.”
Exteriors will get a new look
Stone, so popular on exteriors this past year, will become less popular, giving way to painted brick. Board and batten siding is combined with brick siding in gables or other accent areas but also is used as the full front elevation. “This has become a very popular look,” stated Sadler. “I used the white board and batten siding vertically on my modern farmhouse style home and combined it with the black framed windows which are very popular now, too.”
Mary Gibson, Designer for Jim Allen Group, also points out that stone is still popular, but in new, lighter colors like white, soft gray, and creams. “Shakes are becoming less popular and we are seeing the use of board and batten siding in its place,” she stated. “The black windows are popular with minimal grid patterns and few shutters.”
Some homeowners have even repeated the black décor by painting the interior doors black as well. They complement the more popular contemporary designs from the industrial farmhouse, where interiors are more monochromatic and crisp, to the up and coming grand millennial style, where interiors are a little more traditional, but with a modern twist.” Front doors will become simpler, with fewer sidelights and transoms. “Younger buyers like double doors but without the formal look,” said Gibson. “Glass panels still let in light and add to the décor of the entry.”
Floorings set the tone as never before
There are so many choices for flooring now that homebuyers will be able to get the look they want in any price range. While wood floors are the most popular, look-alike LVP (Luxury Vinyl Plank) flooring is being used in homes more and more and has really become popular. It comes in many levels of quality depending on price point. Less expensive, its hardwood grain patterns are available in wider planks than wood and have greater resilience to moisture and damage. “We find that homeowners with pets and young children often prefer LVP for their floors as it has the same look, is easy to clean and resists scratches and dents, so it’s less upkeep,” Gibson pointed out.
The wider plank engineered wood floors are also on the rise, even in higher-end homes. Then there is site-finished wood flooring, which is more customizable as far as stain colors that will always be a classic.
Sadler used wood in his modern farmhouse to get the rustic character he wanted. “The flooring has grain with the natural knots and light to dark shading,” Sadler stated. “I felt like it added to the character of the farmhouse.” He also effectively uses wood in tongue and groove ceilings and beams, both characteristically bound to be popular in 2021.
A new color palette sets the tone in the next year
Neutrals and earth tones will replace the gray of 2020, colors destined to ease the stress of the 2021 homeowner. Urbane Bronze is Sherwin Williams’ 2021 Color of the Year, Benjamin Moore has selected the sunbaked hues of Aegean Teal, and Behr’s 2021 Color Trends Palette includes tones like the pale conch pink shade called Seaside Villa. While white walls will dominate, these soothing colors will show up in wallpaper accents in eating areas and powder rooms. Accent walls in bedrooms or flex rooms painted in these colors will add to the Zen atmosphere of these spaces, but don’t be surprised to see navy walls or even black crocodile wallpaper.
Kitchens are still the heart of the home
Whites will still dominate kitchens in 2021, sometimes in shades like Alabaster or Blanche White. Even appliances are going to be white although black and stainless steel aren’t gone yet. Hardware in the kitchen will be more minimalistic, popular finishes being black, aged brass, softer gold tones, and chrome or a combination of these finishes. Even the lighting will reflect these combinations. “You will see lights that are mixed finishes like black and chrome or black and one of the gold tones and even mixed finishes throughout the home. Years ago you wouldn’t think about putting a black light in the kitchen and chrome lights in the bathrooms, but today, anything really goes. The newest thing in our kitchens is the scullery,” said Gibson. This small room about the size of a pantry contains a prep area, a microwave, a sink, occasionally a refrigerator, and space for food preparation. Shelving and cabinets also store food preparation equipment and supplies. “This has been really popular with homebuyers,” said Gibson.
Bathroom tile is really making a statement
Hello! 1920 has called! They want their tile back! It’s the new craze for 2021. Featured not only in bathrooms but in accent areas in kitchens, fireplace surrounds, or drop zones, the retro patterns come in geometric patterns or floral designs. They definitely add to the pizzazz of the room. “We find the tile very popular,” says Gibson. “We have installed it in a kitchen as a backsplash behind an oven, on a full bathroom wall behind a tub, and on bathroom floors. It really added to the décor of the rooms in every instance.”
Sadler agrees. “We installed the 1920s honeycomb tile – the small hexagonal tile – on the walls and the floor of a bathroom in a home, and it really looks good. It was even in the butterscotch color. Our client was really happy with the effect.”
Many future master baths will not include a tub, a trend begun in 2020. However, Gibson described wet zones, a new trend for some home builders. ”These are areas where the shower along with the tub are enclosed in glass together, keeping all of the wet floors contained and away from common bathroom walk ways. With a wet room, you can optimize the space in your master bath. Our homebuyers have really loved them.”
Exposed bulbs are still popular
Lighting fixtures with exposed bulbs are still in but the styles are different. Combined with the black, bronze or gold metal structures in open designs featuring bulbs in many styles and sizes, light fixtures will be interesting elements in a room’s décor as well as a contributory factor to its use. As wild as a sputnik chandelier to a contemporary horizontal bathroom light fixture, light fixtures will definitely express the personality of the homeowner in 2021. Smart home lighting will continue to be popular as technology grows in home design.
Even friends need to be six feet apart
In this craziest of years we have learned a whole new standard of entertaining. Getting together has taken on a completely different meaning. We won’t gather with friends in the living room for drinks or sit around the dining table with family members sharing stories from the day. We have to find ways of spreading out, and 2021 new home design trends are reflecting that.
Screened and covered porches, even elaborate ones with fireplaces and grills, become really important entertaining spaces when you add retractable accordion doors across the wall separating the area from the living room or family room. Combined with these luxury open air spaces, the homeowner is now able to spread out his guests comfortably. “This has become one of the most important aspects of outside living for homebuyers,” stated Sadler. “Connecting these two areas increases the well-being of guests for home entertainment. They can move around and sit farther apart so it makes for a more pleasant experience.”
“Sliding doors can create a whole new entertainment area for homeowners,” agrees Gibson. “With these doors open, the family room space is tripled, people can freely walk from the inside to the outside and have more space to gather and spread out. Homebuyers are making them more of a living space where they feel more cozy.”
We are seeing outdoor kitchen areas with built in grills, beverage refrigerators and/or coolers as well as the popular outdoor fireplace or firepit," continued Gibson. These days, homeowners are thinking increasingly about the ability to spread out when they entertain.
What will the future hold?
Who knows where we will be by the end of 2021? Hopefully back in school, attending church services, and eating out more. But some things may never change. Working at home may be more common than it’s ever been, and the need to accommodate that in our homes will remain. The fact that we’ve been at home so much may mean that we will feel differently about our homes, how we live as a family, how we entertain, and how the layout and design contributes to our comfort level.
Home buying choices we make now will contribute to that future lifestyle.